John P. Hirdes, Anja Declercq, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Brant E. Fries, Leon Geffen, George Heckman, Terry Lum, Brigette Meehan, Nigel Millar and John N. Morris | Five major changes to long-term care can protect the elderly from the ravages of infectious disease and provide a greater quality of…
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To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to predict hospital admission in older ED patients using a series of geriatric syndromes and functional assessments. We were able to predict hospital admission in older ED patients with good accuracy using the items available in the interRAI ED C …
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OBJECTIVES To compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Identification of Seniors at Risk, the Flemish version of Triage Risk Screening Tool, and the interRAI Emergency Department
for predicting prolonged emergency department (ED) length of stay, hospitalization (following index ED stay), and unplanned ED readmission at 30 and 90 days among older (aged ≥70 years) community-dwelling adults admitted to the ED.
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Authors conclusion, this study reported that diagnostic charac teristics of ISAR, fTRST, and iEDS are comparable and that none of these tools accurately predicts prolonged ED LOS, hospitalization, and unplanned ED readmission at 30 and 90 days, when used as a stand-alone index.
Geriatric assessment upon admission may reveal factors that contribute to adverse outcomes in hospitalized older patients. The purposes of this study were to derive a Frailty Index (FI-PAC) from the interRAI Post-Acute Care instrument (interRAI-PAC) and to analyse the predictive ability of the FI-PAC and interRAI scales for hospital outcomes. This retrospective cohort study was conducted by combining patient data from interRAI-PAC with discharge records from two post-acute care hospitals. The FI-PAC was derived from 57 variables that fulfilled the Frailty Index criteria. Associations of the FI-PAC and interRAI-PAC scales (ADLH for activities of daily living, CPS for cognition, DRS for mood, and CHESS for stability of health status) with hospital outcomes (prolonged hospital stay ≥90 days, emergency department admission during the stay, and in-hospital mortality) were analysed using logistic regression and ROC curves. The Frailty Index derived from interRAI-PAC predicts adverse hospital outcomes. Its predictive ability was similar to that of the ADLH scale, whereas other interRAI-PAC scales had less predictive value. In clinical practice, assessment of functional ability is a simple way to assess a patient’s prognosis.
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Download this DIVERT Scale SQL script and share with your IM/IT staff to generate reports to target patients using based on their most recent interRAI-HC.
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An Andalusian delegation visits the Basque Country to learn about the political framework and experiences regarding social and healthcare…
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Fedecostante M, Onder G, Eusebi P, Dell’Aquila G, Zengarini E, Carrieri B, et al. Predictors of functional decline in nursing home residents: the Shelter project. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2019.
The aim of our study was to identify independent predictors of functional decline in older nursing home (NH) residents, taking into account both resident and facility characteristics.
Longitudinal observational study involving 1,760 older (≥65 y) residents of NH participating in the SHELTER* study (57 NH in eight countries). All residents underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment using the interRAI LTCF. Functional decline was defined as an increase of at least one point in the MDS Long Form ADL scale during a 1 year follow-up. Facility and country effects were taken into account.
During the study period 891 (50.6%), NH residents experienced ADL decline. Residents experiencing ADL decline were older, had lower disability at baseline, were more frequently affected by severe dementia and by urinary incontinence, and used more antipsychotics. In the mixed-effect logistic regression model, factors independently associated with a higher risk of functional decline were dementia and urinary incontinence, whereas the presence of a geriatrician was a protective factor.
Both resident and facility characteristics are associated with the risk of functional decline in NH residents. Increasing the quality of healthcare by involving a geriatrician in residents’ care might be an important strategy to improve the outcome of this vulnerable population.
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With aging populations around the world, frailty is becoming more prevalent increasing the need for health systems and social systems to deliver optimal evidence based care. However, in spite of the…
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Frailty in older adults is a condition characterised by a loss or reduction in physiological reserve resulting in increased clinical vulnerability. However, evidence suggests that frailty may be modifiable, and identifying frail older people could help better target specific health care interventions and services.
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El indice fragilidad desarrollado a partir del instrumento interRAI Atención Domiciliaria predice mortalidad e institucionalización permitiendo identificar grupos de riesgo y procurar intervenciones específicas en estos grupos.