Predicting Hospital Admission for Older Emergency Department Patients: Insights From Machine Learning

To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to predict hospital admission in older ED patients using a series of geriatric syndromes and functional assessments. We were able to predict hospital admission in older ED patients with good accuracy using the items available in the interRAI ED C …

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Old and New Geriatric Screening Tools in a Belgian Emergency Department: A Diagnostic Accuracy Study – Heeren – – Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

OBJECTIVES To compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Identification of Seniors at Risk, the Flemish version of Triage Risk Screening Tool, and the interRAI Emergency Department

for predicting prolonged emergency department (ED) length of stay, hospitalization (following index ED stay), and unplanned ED readmission at 30 and 90 days among older (aged 70 years) community-dwelling adults admitted to the ED.

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Authors conclusion, this study reported that diagnostic charac teristics of ISAR, fTRST, and iEDS are comparable and that none of these tools accurately predicts prolonged ED LOS, hospitalization, and unplanned ED readmission at 30 and 90 days, when used as a stand-alone index.

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Frailty Index and functional level upon admission predict hospital outcomes: an interRAI-based cohort study of older patients in post-acute care hospitals | BMC Geriatrics | Full Text

Geriatric assessment upon admission may reveal factors that contribute to adverse outcomes in hospitalized older patients. The purposes of this study were to derive a Frailty Index (FI-PAC) from the interRAI Post-Acute Care instrument (interRAI-PAC) and to analyse the predictive ability of the FI-PAC and interRAI scales for hospital outcomes. This retrospective cohort study was conducted by combining patient data from interRAI-PAC with discharge records from two post-acute care hospitals. The FI-PAC was derived from 57 variables that fulfilled the Frailty Index criteria. Associations of the FI-PAC and interRAI-PAC scales (ADLH for activities of daily living, CPS for cognition, DRS for mood, and CHESS for stability of health status) with hospital outcomes (prolonged hospital stay ≥90 days, emergency department admission during the stay, and in-hospital mortality) were analysed using logistic regression and ROC curves. The Frailty Index derived from interRAI-PAC predicts adverse hospital outcomes. Its predictive ability was similar to that of the ADLH scale, whereas other interRAI-PAC scales had less predictive value. In clinical practice, assessment of functional ability is a simple way to assess a patient’s prognosis.

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DIVERT | covid toolkit

Download this DIVERT Scale SQL script and share with your IM/IT staff to generate reports to target patients using based on their most recent interRAI-HC.

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An Andalusian delegation visits the Basque Country to learn about the political framework and experiences regarding social and healthcare | EUROPEAN INNOVATION PARTNERSHIP

An Andalusian delegation visits the Basque Country to learn about the political framework and experiences regarding social and healthcare…

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Predictors of Functional Decline in Nursing Home Residents: The Shelter Project 

Fedecostante M, Onder G, Eusebi P, Dell’Aquila G, Zengarini E, Carrieri B, et al. Predictors of functional decline in nursing home residents: the Shelter project. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2019.

 

The aim of our study was to identify independent predictors of functional decline in older nursing home (NH) residents, taking into account both resident and facility characteristics.

 
Methods

Longitudinal observational study involving 1,760 older (≥65 y) residents of NH participating in the SHELTER* study (57 NH in eight countries). All residents underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment using the interRAI LTCF. Functional decline was defined as an increase of at least one point in the MDS Long Form ADL scale during a 1 year follow-up. Facility and country effects were taken into account.

 
Results

During the study period 891 (50.6%), NH residents experienced ADL decline. Residents experiencing ADL decline were older, had lower disability at baseline, were more frequently affected by severe dementia and by urinary incontinence, and used more antipsychotics. In the mixed-effect logistic regression model, factors independently associated with a higher risk of functional decline were dementia and urinary incontinence, whereas the presence of a geriatrician was a protective factor.

 
Conclusions

Both resident and facility characteristics are associated with the risk of functional decline in NH residents. Increasing the quality of healthcare by involving a geriatrician in residents’ care might be an important strategy to improve the outcome of this vulnerable population.

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DIVERT-Collaboration Action Research and Evaluation (CARE) Trial Protocol: a multiprovincial pragmatic cluster randomised trial of cardiorespiratory management in home care | BMJ Open

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Moving Towards Common Data Elements and Core Outcome Measures in Frailty Research

With aging populations around the world, frailty is becoming more prevalent increasing the need for health systems and social systems to deliver optimal evidence based care. However, in spite of the…

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A frailty index derived from a standardized comprehensive geriatric assessment predicts mortality and aged residential care admission

Frailty in older adults is a condition characterised by a loss or reduction in physiological reserve resulting in increased clinical vulnerability. However, evidence suggests that frailty may be modifiable, and identifying frail older people could help better target specific health care interventions and services.

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El indice fragilidad desarrollado a partir del instrumento interRAI Atención Domiciliaria predice mortalidad e institucionalización permitiendo identificar grupos de riesgo y procurar intervenciones específicas en estos grupos. 

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Appropriateness of transferring nursing home residents to emergency departments: a systematic review | BMC Geriatrics | Full Text

Elderly living in a Nursing Home (NH) are frequently transferred to an Emergency Department when they need acute medical care. A proportion of these transfers may be considered inappropriate and may be avoidable. Systematic review. Literature search performed in September 2018 using PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature database. Titles and abstracts were screened against inclusion and exclusion criteria. Full-texts of the selected abstracts were read and checked for relevance. All years and all languages were included provided there was an English, French, Dutch or German abstract. Seventy-seven articles were included in the systematic review: 1 randomised control trial (RCT), 6 narrative reviews, 9 systematic reviews, 7 experimental studies, 10 qualitative studies and 44 observational studies. Of all acute transfers of NH residents to an ED, 4 to 55% were classified as inappropriate. The most common reasons for transfer were trauma after falling, altered mental status and infection. Transfers were associated with a high risk of complications and mortality, especially during out-of-hours. Advance directives (ADs) were usually not available and relatives often urge NH staff to transfer patients to an ED. The lack of availability of GPs was a barrier to organise acute care in the NH in order to prevent admission to the hospital. The definition of appropriateness is not uniform across studies and needs further investigation. To avoid inappropriate transfer to EDs, we recommend to respect the patient’s autonomy, to provide sufficient nursing staff and to invest in their education, to increase the role of GPs in the care of NH residents both in standard and in acute situations, and to promote interprofessional communication and collaboration between GPs, NH staff and EDs.

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